Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) have become popular and important investment vehicles in the financial markets. However, that is not a shock given the numerous benefits connected with ETFs. Naturally, they have caught the interest of academics, and there is plenty of literature about ETFs. While the profits and trading strategies are probably the most important research topics for practitioners, liquidity in the financial markets is almost equally important. Concerning liquidity in the ETFs, novel research by Pham et al. shows when exactly are ETFs the most liquid. Looking on the spreads, they are the lowest at market close. Such a finding can be an essential part of an optimal trading position making, where the aim is to minimize the trading costs.

https://quantpedia.com/etf-liquidity/

Quantpedia.com — The Encyclopedia of Quantitative and Algorithmic Trading Strategies