Life is not always rosy; many tragedies and unexpected events hurt individuals and society. While some are hardly avoidable, such as natural disasters, some others as wars, are generally only functions of hate and greed. In the case of predictable events, risk measures can be employed, but unexpected outbreaks of…

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We have brought attention to the importance of evaluating factors models in different market regimes, and now, we will take a closer look at the size factor. Size [SMB (small minus big)] factor is a popular investment choice for asset investigation by many portfolio managers worldwide. The Size earned prominence…

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Cryptocurrencies are a very controversial asset class. Some people may hate it, others may glorify it, and a significant part may ignore it. But what’s the opportunity cost of complete ignorance? Are we able to numerically calculate it? That’s a hard question that Duchin, Solomon, Tu, and Wang tried to…

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Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) investing is rapidly growing in popularity. As more investors grow interested in the ESG investing, the funds theoretically have more reason to highlight their engagement with the ESG-related activities. In the research paper by Andrikogiannopoulou et al. (2022), authors first use textual analysis to assess…

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We have already published a few articles about how the different market cycles affect the performance of your portfolio and performance of market factors. So far, these states of the market were identified in-sample, with the benefit of hindsight. The full methodology of how we defined bull/ bear market, low/…

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Which assets perform best when rates are rising, and inflation is high? And what happens if rates are still rising but inflation is already falling? And what’s the impact of the business cycle? These are the questions that everyone is currently trying to answer. Today, we will start a longer…

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